Quick Cattle Facts

General Cattle Terminology:

A bull is a bovine male.                             

A steer is a bovine male castrated prior to puberty.

A sire is a male parent.

A cow is a sexually mature female bovine that has usually produced a calf.

A heifer is a young female bovine prior to the first time that she has produced her first calf.

A dam is a female parent.

A calf is a young bovine under 1 year of age.

A pair is a calf and its mother.

A head is a single animal.

Culling is the action of eliminating one or more animals from the breeding herd.

Ruminant is a mammal whose single stomach has four parts – rumen, reticulum, omasum and abomasum.

More Cattle Industry Definitions: http://www.beefusa.org/a.aspx


Interesting Cattle Facts:

Beef Cattle 

  • Every day, 76 million Americans eat beef.
  • A live steer weighs about 1,000 pounds and yields about 450 pounds of edible meat.
  • Beef is one of the most important dietary sources of iron.
  • More than 97% of beef cattle farms and ranches are classified as family farms.

Dairy Cattle

  • Dairy Cows provide 90% of the worlds milk supply.
  • Cows must have a calf in order to produce milk. Calves are fed milk up to 9 weeks old.
  • Cows are milked for an average of 3-4 years.
  • Dairy production has improved extensively. Today, one cow can produce as much milk that once took ten cows to produce.
  • Before milking machines were invented an individual could milk about six cows in an hour. Today, using machines 100 cows can be milked in an hour.

All Cattle

  • Cattle have one stomach with four compartments.
    • The rumen which holds up to 50 gallons of partially digested food. This is where cud comes from.
    • The reticulum which is known as the hardware stomach, protected the omasum and abomasums from rough materials.
    • The omasum acts like a filter.
    • The abomasums is like our stomachs.
  • Cattle have 32 teeth.
    • 8 incisors on the bottom front.
    • A tough pad of skin instead of teeth on the top front.
    • 6 molars on the top and bottom of each side.
  • The average body temperature of a cow is 101.5° F
  • Cows eat approximately 40 pounds of food a day and can drink nearly a bathtub full of water.
  • The hide from one cattle animal can be made into:
    • 20 footballs, 12 basketballs, 12 baseball gloves or 144 baseballs
  • Cattle also produce medicine, glass, marshmallows, gum, shoes, shampoos from their organs, bones, fat and much more.





























Wyoming Cattle Facts and Figures:

 Wyoming beef cattle inventory at 694,000 head the 15th largest in the U.S.

  • Wyoming cattle inventory is 1,270,000 head the 24th largest in the U.S.
  • Cattle are the most produced agriculture commodity in Wyoming followed by hay and hogs.
  • Wyoming generates more than 1.65 billion dollars in agriculture cash receipts.
  • Cattle and calves generate more than one billion dollars in agriculture cash receipts for Wyoming. Accounting for 61% of agriculture cash receipts.



More fun fact web pages:

Breeds and Product Facts: http://www.kidscowsandmore.org/beef/; http://factsaboutbeef.com/tag/cattle-by-products/

            Beef Cattle:  http://farmflavor.com/beef-farm-facts/

Dairy Cows and Calves  http://beef2live.com/story-fun-facts-cows-calves-104-104000

Wyoming Cattle:  http://beef2live.com/story-wyoming-beef-cattle-107-108828


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